If you struggle between these questions in your daily life then it means you are suffering from hyper-acidity a condition of acid reflux also known as Amlapitta (sour heat) and Acid Dyspepsia characterized by an increase sourness and heat in the body. Hydrochloric Acid that is present in our stomach is a digestive juice that breaks down the food particles into their smallest form to aid digestion. But when there is an increase in the amount of this hydrochloric acid in the stomach, it leads to the condition of hyperacidity. A muscular flap called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is present at the entrance to your stomach that allows food from the esophagus into the stomach. Normally, this valve shuts tightly as soon as the food we eat passes through it. But in few cases when this valve doesn't close all the way or opens too often, then the acid produced in your stomach flows back up the esophagus and spills into the throat, causing a burning sensation and acidic burps.
Let’s explore the causes of hyperacidity!!
The aggravation of Pitta Dosha in the body is the root cause of hyperacidity. The Ayurvedic humor pita symbolizes heat or fire. There are many reasons for the aggravation of Pitta, main among them are:-
Intake of various medications such as some anti-inflammatory drugs for a prolonged period causes irritation in the lining of your esophagus thus developing chances of hyperacidity.
Invitation to hyperacidity problem also results from drinking alcohol. Alcohol makes the digestion of food and the absorption of vital nutrients, particularly proteins and vitamins difficult because alcohol reduces the number of digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas that helps us to break down the fats and carbohydrates. Acetaldehyde along with other toxic by-products of alcohol metabolism interfere with the contraction of esophageal sphincter and impairs the functioning of the lower esophageal sphincter, thus augmenting risk for acid reflux.
one of the most important causes of hyperacidity is heavy smoking. Nicotine, present in tobacco, relaxes the ring of muscle in the lower esophagus. When the lower esophagus relaxes, acid can trickle up and causes that burning sensation.
The way we eat and what we eat are also some of the important factors that play an important role in causing hyperacidity. Excessively spicy, sour, oily and fried foods cause the problem of acidity. Skipping meals and having long gaps between meals or do not have meals at the proper time is also prone to hyperacidity symptoms.
Stress is one of the problems which affect every part of our digestive system because digestion is controlled by the enteric nervous system. When we take rest our flight or fight response gets activated causing shutting down of our digestion because our nervous system shuts down the blood flow .this process affects the contraction of your digestive muscles decreasing the secretion of digestive enzymes required for digestion. Stress also causes inflammation of the gastrointestinal system and making your stomach more susceptible to infection.
Increased weight and excess belly fat results in compressing and causing pressure on the stomach leading to the development of Hiatal Hernia, which in turn causes the backflow of acid or acid reflux.
It times to Note your symptoms!!
It is a painful burning feeling in the center of your chest or throat. It starts in the upper abdomen and slowly extends to the throat when stomach acid backs up into your esophagus. It is most common after meals, after eating specific foods or drinking certain beverages, consuming oily food late at night and lying down immediately after consumption of meals.
It is a condition in which a person feels a full and tight abdomen, often due to gas. It is mainly caused due to the intake of improper diet, results of irritable bowel syndrome, and constipation.
It is a condition of backward flowing, for example, regurgitation of food from the stomach into throat and mouth producing a sour or bitter taste.
It is also known as burping and eructation is an act of expelling air from the stomach through the mouth. It occurs when the stomach distends or expands because of too much swallowed air. It is mainly caused due to eating or drinking too quickly, drinking carbonated drinks and anxiety.
It is a condition in which the esophagus gets narrowed creating a sensation of food being stuck in your throat.
It is one of the major symptoms of acidity in which we either want to have a requirement of a constant move or have an inability to calm the mind.
In this condition, the food is not digested properly which can lead to the occurrence of constipation i.e. the inability to pass proper and solid stool. Individuals suffering from acidity are also likely to suffer from gastrointestinal issues such as an upset stomach. It is also defined as discomfort in the upper abdomen.
CURE THE SYMPTOMS CURE THE DISEASE!!
To avoid the alleviated irritation and discomfort caused due to burning acid creeping up your throat putting pressure on your chest you need to adapt few natural home remedies to reduce the frequency of the symptoms.
Changes needs in lifestyle are :-
- Don't Overeat
- Lose weight
- Follow a low carb diet
- Limit your alcohol intake
- Don’t drink to much coffee
- Chew gum
- Avoid raw onion
- Limit your intake of carbonated beverages
- Don’t drink too much of citrus juice
- Elevate the head on the bed
- Don't Eat Within Three Hours of Going to Bed
- Don't Sleep on Your Right Side
Follow easy steps to overcome acid reflux
- Unripe Mango : Eating one or two small tender mangoes in which seed is not properly formed with salt and honey is very effective in digestion.
- Honey : One spoon of fresh honey mixed with the juice of half lemon in glass of lukewarm water and taken first thing in morning is not only an effective remedy for constipation but for hyperacidity as well.
- Take powder of roasted cumin and coriander seeds (25 gm each) and mix with 50 gm of sugar. Take half spoon of it 3 times a day to get rid of hyperacidity.
- Make a powdered mixture of equal parts of rock candy (or unrefined sugar), fennel, and green cardamom. Whenever you feel heartburn, mix 1 teaspoon of the mixture in a glass of cold milk and drink.
- Drink 100-500 ml of tender coconut water twice a day for relief from hyperacidity Mix equal parts of powdered fennel, licorice root, basil leaves and coriander seeds. Have ½ teaspoon of this mixture with ½ teaspoon of powdered rock candy (or unrefined sugar) 15 minutes before lunch and dinner.